Among the many developments to come out of the World War II experience, the establishment of a bomb disposal organization is one of the more interesting. Until then, the Army had no bomb disposal apparatus.
The seeds of Army bomb disposal were planted out of the necessity of World War II and grew into an organization that lasts unto this day. As Europe was engulfed in war, the United States watched and planned for the inevitable day when it too would be dragged into the carnage.
The handling of unexploded bombs, known at the time as UXB, was one of the most challenging problems. Before the war there was no method or organization to deal with UXB.
It was a small problem usually handled by engineer squads that detonated UXB where found. Pre-World War II ordnance was simplistic in design and posed little hazard to people when it failed to detonate. As modern technology was applied to ordnance design, the task took on a higher level of hazard.
Delay and anti-tamper fuzing added new complications that could only be handled by a dedicated organization specially trained in the mission of bomb disposal. The birth of modern bomb disposal dates to the Battle of Britain in Some of these UXB were duds but many had delay fuzing designed to detonate hours later, creating the effect of a twenty-four hour bombing campaign.
At first, untrained British engineers took on the task of bomb disposal. The casualty rate was high and the need for specialized training soon became obvious.
At the same time, each of the British military services established their own independent bomb disposal training to handle the specific requirements of that service. Early training and equipment were rudimentary and casualties continued to be very high. However, the casualty rate decreased as experience grew and training matured. Disposal troops developed several techniques for handling UXB, including those designed to stop clockwork timers, remove fuzes, and steam explosives out of bombs.
American authorities originally planned for bomb disposal to be a civilian function.Get FREE historical data for Ninjatrader in 3 Simple Steps
Bomb disposal would be taught as part of the overall course of instruction at the school. GEN Julian S. Kane to provide whatever assistance he could to the program. MAJ Kane is considered the father of U. Two ideas changed the structure of what was to become U. Army Bomb Disposal. First was the realization that civilians could not be expected to carry out bomb disposal duties. Second was that bomb disposal was not a Chemical Corps function. Five days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the War Department assigned the Office of Civilian Defense responsibility for bomb disposal in the Zone of the Interior, and the Ordnance Department similar missions on military installations and overseas areas.
Every detail of delayed-action bomb disposal is hazardous in the extreme and requires the utmost in skill, caution, and discipline. Only professionals can develop the skill and experience necessary for such work. LTC Kane and another officer immediately traveled to England along with two enlisted soldiers to learn the craft of bomb disposal from the British.
A second team consisting of two officers and enlisted soldiers followed them two weeks later. The first several classes consisted solely of officers in keeping with the British model that dictated that only officers could do the delicate and dangerous work of defuzing bombs. The first enlisted men started bomb disposal training at Aberdeen in April The training included recognition of bombs, use of bomb disposal equipment, bomb excavation, and rigging.
In addition to a lack of trained personnel, there were no instructional materials available in the United States.
That shortage was soon rectified by the reproduction of British training publications. Before long, thousands of soldiers and civilians viewed the film. Later manuals were published, including a bomb reconnaissnace manual for civilians, Ordnance Field Service Circular No.We can provide up to 20 years end of day stock price history for all of the exchanges we support.
Intraday data 1, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 minute bars is available back to Jan 1, All of our end of day historical stock prices have been cleaned for spikes and other anomalies and adjusted for splits. At this stage all of our intraday history is unadjusted and we can provide an historical list of splits if required. By default, historical stock quotes are provided in MetaStock 7 column ascii format however we can provide history in any format you require.
Once purchased, you can download your historical end of day data in a series of ZIP files each containing a full years worth of data. An example of which can be seen below:. If you purchase access to 5 years historical end of day quote data then you can download all 5 years and in 3 years time there will be 8 years for you to download.
Once you have purchased access, you can download your historical end of day data as many times as you like. If your PC ever crashes and you loose your data simply download it again. Quotes are delayed at least 15 minutes.
All information provided "as is" for informational purposes only, not intended for trading purposes or advice. EODData will not be liable for any informational errors, incompleteness, or delays, or for any actions taken in reliance on information contained herein.
Historical Price Data We can provide up to 20 years end of day stock price history for all of the exchanges we support. Purchase 1, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 minute historical bar data for all symbols on a given exchange. Platinum members have access to 1 months intraday history automatically. To find out more about becoming a platinum member, click HERE. Code Name Current Max.
Receive your data automatically each day. Click HERE for more information. All rights reserved. Remember Me.Stock Market Posted days ago. Introduction to the Events Monitor Tool Posted days ago. How to Use the Percentage Scale Posted days ago. Introduction to the Grid Tool Posted days ago.
Optimizing the Strategy Equity Curve Posted days ago. Trading the Strategy Equity Curve Posted days ago. More Posts. Click here to Login. Email Password Remember me. Forgot my Password. Offers you the tools that will help you become a profitable trader Allows you to implement any trading ideas Exchange items and ideas with other QuantShare users Our support team is very responsive and will answer any of your questions We will implement any features you suggest Very low price and much more features than the majority of other trading software.
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The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to invest in financial instruments or foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose.
You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts. Remember me. Why we need this information?The same for big companies on non-US markets. For minor companies, we have data for the last 5 years and the previous 12 quarters. But the data is continually growing. We support multi-layer filtering.
We support the following data for symbols. Please note, not all companies provide all data, then we can not guarantee that each company will have all data endpoints we do support. We also support details for more than ETFs from different exchanges and countries. Here you can find the full list of supported ETFs above.
ETF information and details we support at the moment. We support more than Our database has equity funds as well as balanced and bond-based mutual funds.
We support all major information about almost all mutual funds on the market, including:. We provide Index Constituents or Index Components data for all major indices all around the world. We offer the following data for index components:. We also have a list of supported indices with end-of-day data. Not for all indices from this list we have constituents data, but for almost all major indices we have.
In addition, we do provide bulk fundamentals API. With this endpoint you able to download fundamental data for thousands of companies in one request. At the moment, due to high loads of the request, this endpoint has several limitations. For example:. In this case, you can reduce the amount of data and get all symbols in two or three queries, like pagination.Cr P doesn't work!
Wasting time installing. The Java process hanged in the memory. Had to manually kill of the Java process before I can delete the installed files. If you're after end of day data there are many reputable sites out there that make it extraordinarily simple.
My favorite is equalysis. Agreed that it does not adjust the data.
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I read the MLdownloader instruction manual and I was even more confused, paralyzed is more like it, so this program was my backup to get my SPY updated, but I agree it sucks, it apparently doesn't adjust the data, so if you go back far enough, you will drop off into oblivion and so will your accurate performance analysis.
Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina. Other Features: Faster data downloads. Self updating Indices. Custom output formats: choose your own columns in the order you want. Batching: select the symbols, indices, exchanges, or even whole packages.
To have access to those symbols, just install unzip the package and you are ready to download. Clean Data: Checked and corrected for errors, you'll get the report. What do you need to know about free software? Explore Further. Publisher's Description. User Reviews. Reviews Current version All versions. Sort Date Most helpful Positive rating Negative rating. Cons Cr P doesn't work! Pros So far not detected as spyware Cons Wasting time installing. Summary Completely a waste of time.
Pros Makes getting an ETF easy Cons Easier ways to get this data Summary If you're after end of day data there are many reputable sites out there that make it extraordinarily simple. Pros When nothing else works, this gets an ETF Cons Priceless, it sucks but it's good for that one symbol backup Summary I read the MLdownloader instruction manual and I was even more confused, paralyzed is more like it, so this program was my backup to get my SPY updated, but I agree it sucks, it apparently doesn't adjust the data, so if you go back far enough, you will drop off into oblivion and so will your accurate performance analysis.
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